jump to navigation

Do you still believe Nanking Massacre? August 26, 2010

Posted by TAMAGAWABOAT in Andrzej Wajda, Frank Capra, Japan, Katyn, Nanking Massacre, Rape of Nanking, TIBET, TIBET UPRISING, Yasukuni.
Tags: , , , ,

Do you still believe that so-called the Nanking Massacre  (or the Rape of Nanking) actually happened in December 1937?  To be honest, I too had believed ‘the Nanking Massacre’ blindly until just 7 or 8 years ago.

As I remember, when Ishihara Shintaro, the current governor of Tokyo was still a Diet member in the mid-1990s, he commented in an interview with mass media, “I know it is said that the Japanese Army committed the Nanking Massacre.  But the Nanking Massacre is not a historical fact.  This is a hoax by China.  Japan’s image was badly tarnished by this hoax.”  I watched the news on TV.  I remember that I barked at TV in anger then, “What!?  Ishihara Shintaro is also going to deny America’s atomic bombing?  Denying Nanking is tantamount to denying Hiroshima and Nagasaki.”   I suppose that some of the people who believe the Nanking Massacre have the same experience in saying or thinking as I said to TV then.  I thought about what caused such a reaction to denial of the Nanking Massacre.  Why do you think I said that denying the Nanking was tantamount to denying Hiroshima and Nagasaki then?  Why do you think I thought about war crimes in sets with Hiroshima/Nagasaki and Nanking?  Why do you think I got angry at Ishihara’s comment then?

I think this is a kind of conditioned reflex to denial of the Nanking Massacre.  For example, I associated Hiroshima and Nagasaki with Nanking.  In addition, I felt righteous anger toward the person who denies the Nanking Massacre as if I represented justice in the world.  It’s my guess that I was imprinted a kind of conditioned reflex in my subconscious mind somewhere (at school, in movies,  at museums or through mass media).  This is a kind of brainwashing.   Therefore, whenever I attempt to appeal for atrocious and inhuman acts of atomic bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, someone counter-argues that atomic bombings were paid the penalty for the Nanking Massacre.  So to speak, the Nanking Massacre is often used for the purpose of avoiding blame for atomic bombings,  and is used for the purpose of preventing Japan from being the true victim of WW2.

The rise of the internet has increased opportunities to enlighten Japanese Internet users about historical truth which have been hidden by left-leaning mass media.  As a result, it has become known that China has been spreading lies about the Nanking Massacre to the world.   Over the past dozen years or so, Tanaka Masaaki, Kitamura Minoru, Higashinakano Shudo, Ara Kenichi and other many Japanese historians have inspected each single photographic evidence that China is presenting to prove Japanese soldiers’ atrocities in Nanking.   For example, China is presenting many photos as evidence of the Nanking Massacre.  The total number of photos that China is presenting is 143.  Surprisingly, it has been revealed that all 143 photos that China is presenting as photographic evidence turned out to be fake or utterly irrelevant to the Nanking Massacre.  That is, there is not a single photographic evidence of Japanese soldiers’ atrocities in Nanking.  However, China keeps presenting these fake photos as evidence at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall opened in 1985.   Higashinakano Shudo’s inspection on 143 photographic evidence was published as a book in January 2005.

I think you are still half in doubt.  I hope you are not upset.  Please bear with me for a moment.  Furthermore,   when Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao visited Japan in April 2007, ‘Committee for the Examination of the Facts about Nanking’ published open letter to Jiabao.  The open questions are follows.
1) The late-leader Mao Zedong never mentioned the Nanking Massacre.
2) Between December 1, 1937 and October 24, 1938 the Chinese Nationalist Party Government (Kuomintang) held 300 press conferences with foreign journalists in Hankou.  But the Chinese Nationalist Party never mentioned “citizens being massacred in Nanking,” or “hostages being murdered unlawfully”.
3) According to the record published as a book by the International Committee for the Nanking Safety Zone (Ernest Forster, John Rabe, Lewis Strong, Casey Smythe, Eduard Sperling, George Fitch and so on) in 1939,  the population of Nanking stood at 200,000 prior to the Japanese occupation. This population level remained unchanged during December. Records show the population to be 250,000 one month after the Japanese occupation of the city began.
4) What is more, in this book published by the International Committee for the Nanking Safety Zone, there is a list of detailed complaints against the Japanese army’s criminal activities. The list includes a total of 26 murder incidents, of which only one case was witnessed but it was judged to be a lawful killing and thus noted in the book.
5) Numerous photographs said to be proof of the Nanking massacre are being displayed in books and at many exhibitions including the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanking. However, it has been revealed by scientific studies that there is not a single authentic photograph offering proof the massacre actually happened.

China claims that more than 200,000 people including ordinary citizens were killed by the Japanese army for two months after the fall of Nanking in December 13, 1937.  There must have been a giant pile of dead bodies if it is true.  However, not a single corpse has been found yet.  I know some corpses are exhibited in the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall.  But those corpses have not been examined into the cause of deaths.  Where did this Memorial Hall bring those corpses from?

Do you know the Katyn Massacre?  The Katyn Massacre is a hair-raising historical incident that more than 20,000 Polish officers were killed by Stalin-era Soviet military in 1940.  This incident was exposed to the world by Nazi Germany which found out massacred corpses of Polish officers near the forests of Katyn in February 27,  1943.  Nazi Germany investigated the cause of those deaths and strongly condemned Soviet for Katyn Massacre as follows.
1) Ropes which were used to bind corpses turned out to be Soviet-made.  Ropes were tied the Russian knot.
2) Some corpses had bayonet scars.  This bayonet turned out to be the Soviet military’s.
3) It is estimated that those Polish officers were killed around April of 1940 from issued date of Russian newspapers which a lot of Polish corpses had in their pockets.
4) Bullets shot into corpses turned out to be Germany-made.  But Nazi Germany proved that bullets had been exported to Poland and Soviet before 1939.
After the war, however, Soviet tried to frame Germany up for the Katyn Massacre at Nuremberg Trials (1945-1946) even though Soviet committed and knew it.  It had been regarded as taboo to get to the bottom of the Katyn Massacre in Poland under Sovietized socialist regime (1945-1989).  In 1990, Gorbachev Administration of Soviet disclosed documents that Stalin ordered the Soviet military to kill Polish captives.

Do you understand the differences between Katyn and Nanking?  First of all, a murder case needs a corpse or a dead body.  The Nanking Massacre is believed as a kind of mass murder. However, the Nanking Massacre is mass murder which is supported only by eyewitness testimonies.  To find out a dead body is the first step in the investigation of a murder.  So it is natural that the people, who want to get to the bottom of the Nanking Massacre, should find out corpses of victims first.  Because there are a lot of eyewitness testimonies of the people who saw Japanese soldiers’ atrocities in Nanking 1937, right?  Why the people, who want to get to the bottom of the Nanking Massacre, don’t try to find out corpses based on eyewitness testimonies?  I know the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall exhibits corpses.  But why the Memorial Hall keeps refusing to accept Japanese investigation team?  It seems that China doesn’t want get to the bottom of the Nanking Massacre even though China is eager to produce propaganda movies about the Nanking Massacre.  Therefore, I always describe the Nanking Massacre as Victimless Murder.  The crucial difference between Katyn and Nanking is the difference between historical fact and hoax.

In a moment of cool-headed, it becomes clear that the Nanking Massacre is a questionable story.  Why do you think I got angry at Ishihara’s comment a dozen years ago?  Why I lost my cool then?  Because I was brainwashed and I had been implanted aggression (=righteous anger) against denier into my mind to prevent from cooling down. When and where was I implanted it?  And more, there is a very important thing that we forget about China.  This is the true genocide, the true holocaust and the true ethnic cleansing are ongoing in China now.  We must not forget more than 1.28 million Tibetan people were killed for the past 60 years since 1949 that China took over Tibet.  I think that the hoax of the Nanking Massacre is a distraction that China threw to the international society for the purpose of distracting the world’s attention from the Rape of Tibet.

P.S. – August 28, 2010

Please check the video below.  (*It is not my account.)  This is the Video titled “the Fake of Nanking” that I uploaded to YouTube in May 2007.  I produced this video to expose the fake of the Nanking Massacre that America and China fabricated for the purpose of setting Japan up as the hideous rogue nation in wartime.  America produced a wartime propaganda movie titled “the Battle of China” (directed by Frank Capra, 65 min) to foment American people’s hatred toward the Japanese people in 1944, when WW2 was near its end.  In the Battle of China, there is the scene, where the mysterious soldiers who look like Japanese soldiers,  shoot two persons to death as Japanese soldiers’ atrocities in Nanking.  The scene where the mysterious soldiers shoot two persons to death was exposed as Kuomintang soldiers (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party) to the public.  Moreover,  the scene where Kuomintang soldiers shoot two persons turned out to be a part of “the Shanghai Document”  (directed by Yakov Bliokh,  54 min) that was produced as a documentary movie (in the former Soviet Union in 1928.  What is more, Frank Capra trimmed away the part of Kuomintang soldiers from the film of “the Shanghai Document”,  additionally,  Frank Capra inserted the footage of a Japanese officer’s crying “Hajime!”(=start in Japanese) into this scene to make this footage look like that Japanese soldiers’ atrocities.  The Nanking Massacre is believed to have happened in December 1937.  Why do you think Frank Capra used the 1928 Shanghai’s footage as a 1937 Nanking’s footage in the Battle of China?  Because there was no footage that proved the Nanking Massacre when Frank Capra produced “the Battle of China” in 1944.  So he had no alternative but to make up the scene of Japanese soldiers’ atrocities with trimming away the footage of Kuomintang soldiers from the Shanghai Document.

P.S. – August 30, 2010

I know there are a lot of the people (self-proclaimed survivors) who witnessed Japanese soldiers’ atrocities at the time in Nanking.  I know there are some former Japanese soldiers who give testimony that they massacred Chinese civilians, too.  I know there are plenty of testimonies.  However, we should understand that testimony is testimony, testimony doesn’t have the same meaning of evidence and testimony always needs to be verified its credibility.  We should think back on what happened during the height of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1974) in China.  It is the age of madness.  Chinese people criticized each other and injured each other’s reputations by telling lies to survive under the fierce power struggle.  It is said that more than innocent 30 million people were framed up by others’ false accusations, were put on mockery trial by anonymous tip or testimonies, and most of them were executed for crimes they did not commit.  The more we know about Chinese history, the less we can believe Chinese people’s testimonies.  We should understand the racial characteristic of Han Chinese.  We should understand how incredible Han Chinese people are.  Do you think I am racist?  I think you want my opinion about why there are former Japanese soldiers who testify that they committed atrocities against Chinese people. So let me tell my opinion as follows.  If a person gives testimony relating to what the Japanese Imperial Army committed against the enemy or civilians,  he needs to give out identifying information (name, birth date, birth place and so on) and attached unit of the Japanese army.  Because their testimonies have effects on the Japan’s and Japanese ancestors’ honor.  However, almost former Japanese soldiers, who give testimony that they massacred Chinese civilians, always tell irresponsible lies about their identifying information.  Who can believe testimonies of self-proclaimed former Japanese soldiers who never clearly identify themselves?


TAMAGAWABOAT oyaji011.gif
To the top

Sugihara Chiune – A Japanese Holocaust Rescuer August 23, 2008

Posted by TAMAGAWABOAT in Blogroll, History, Japan, SUGIHARA Chiune, WW2.
Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


“Do you remember this?” One day in August 1968, the event happened unexpectedly. A gentleman came over to Sugihara ‘Sempo’ Chiune suddenly. Showing Sugihara one tattered piece of paper, this gentleman asked him, “Do you remember this, Mr. Sugihara?” The piece of paper was the transit visa that Sugihara issued in Kaunas, Lithuania 28 years ago.

28 years ago, in the summer of 1940, Sugihara Chiune was serving as Japanese consul in Lithuania. At that time, many Jewish people fled from Poland where had been occupied by Nazi Germany were crowding into Lithuania. Jewish refugees were trying desperately to get visa at foreign embassies or consulates in Lithuania. However, the Soviet Union, which adopted anti-Semitic policy (anti-Semitic=anti-Jewish) annexed Lithuania as a part of the Soviet Union, requested countries to close foreign embassies or consulates in Lithuania. The last foreign consulate left in Lithuania was the Japanese consulate. So, many Jewish people who sought visa for the purpose of escaping to another country crowded into the Japanese consulate in Kaunas, Lithuania. At first, although Japanese government was repeatedly requested to cooperate in anti-Semitic policy by Nazi Germany, Japanese government took a neutral position in an official manner. However, Japanese Foreign Ministry kept tough visa requirements.

On July 18th in 1940, Sugihara Chiune cabled Japanese Foreign Ministry in Tokyo as to the approval of emergency visa. However, Tokyo replied the next day and told Sugihara to keep visa requirements. Sugihara cabled Tokyo several times. But Tokyo repeated the same response. A week later, on July 25th, Sugihara decided on his own accord and started giving Jewish refugees transit visa for humanitarian reasons. Sugihara Chiune kept writing transit visa in a little more than a month between July 25th and September 5th, though Sugihara received the expulsion order from the Soviet Union epeatedly. The number of transit visa that Sugihara gave Jewish refugees was 2,139. But this number 2,139 is just the number of visa that Sugihara numbered and recorded. Sugihara stopped numbering visa for laborsaving as the Japanese consulate closing day neared. Sugihara kept writing visa in the station until immediately before the train departure. So, the total number of visa that Sugihara gave Jewish refugees in a little more than a month is supposed to have reached more than twice the number 2,139.

On September 5th in 1940, Sugihara Chiune and his family was in the station to board a train for Berlin. Jewish refugees who had known that Sugihara would go on board a train on the day gathered at the station. Sugihara wrote visa on the platform. After he and his family went on board, Jewish refugees hanged on the windows of the train. Sugihara wrote visa from the window of the train. When the train started moving, he couldn’t write visa any more. Everybody was waving their hands. One of them called out, “Thank you, Mr.Sugihara. We will come to see you again.” And he came running after the train.

After that, Sugihara and his family lived several cities (Prague, Kaliningrad and etc.) in Easten Europe and they lived in Bucharest, Romania when World War II ended in 1945. Sugihara and his family were detained by the Soviet military that invaded Bucharest then and they were sent to prison camp (Ghencea, Romania). It was April in 1947 that Sugihara and his family returned to Japan. But Japanese Foreign Ministry didn’t welcome Sugihara and persuaded him into his resignation because of Ministry’s downsizing. Sugihara changed jobs frequently after resigning from Japanese Foreign Ministry.

“Do you remember this?” One day in August 1968, the event happened unexpectedly. A gentleman came over to Sugihara Chiune suddenly. Showing Sugihara one tattered piece of paper, this gentleman asked him, “Do you remember this, Mr. Sugihara?” The piece of paper was the transit visa that Sugihara issued in Kaunas, Lithuania 28 years ago. “At last, I found you, Mr. Sugihara. We still can’t forget you.” This gentleman’s name is B.Gehashra Nishri. B.Gehashra Nishri was the counsellor for Israeli embassy in Japan. B.Gehashra Nishri had been looking for Sugihara Chiune since that station. That station was Kaunas’ station in Lithuania.

In 1985, Sugihara ‘Sempo’ Chiune was given the title of “the Righteous Among the Nations” for his contribution to rescue more than 6,000 Jewish from Holocaust by the government of Israel.

Sugihara Chiune (January 1, 1900 – July 31, 1986)

[Historical Backdrop]

On December 6th, 1939, the Japanese Government decided the outline of actions for the Jewish people and officially announced it.
1) The Japanese government will continue to treat the Jewish living in Japan the same as other foreign residents in Japan and will not deport them from Japan.
2) Regarding Jewish who newly tries to enter Japan, the Japanese government will continue to take an appropriate response under the existing immigration control law.
3) The Japanese government will not positively invite the Jewish. But it is possible that the Japanese government will invite capable Jewish as a special case.

Japan is the world’s first country that advocated the elimination of racism in the international community.  After the First World War, when the League of Nations was established at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, Japan proposed to include the provision of racial equality to the League of Nations Covenant.  Japan’s proposal was supported by a large majority from participating nations. However, Thomas Woodrow Wilson (the 28th President of the United States) who was presiding at Paris Peace Conference rejected this Japan’s proposal merely because this proposal couldn’t have gotten unanimous agreement.

「これを憶えてますか?」 1968年の夏のある日、その出来事は予期せず起こった。一人の紳士が杉原千畝の家を突然、訪ねた。その紳士は、ボロボロになった一枚の紙を杉原に見せながら訊ねた。「これを憶えてますか?杉原さん」 その紙は、28年前に杉原がリトアニア・カウナスで発給したビザだった。



1940年9月5日、杉原千畝と彼の家族はベルリン行きの列車の乗るため駅にいた。その日に杉原が列車に乗ると知っっていたユダヤ難民たちは駅に集まった。杉原は駅のプロットホームでビザを書いた。彼と彼の家族が列車に乗り込むと、ユダヤ難民たちは列車の窓にしがみついた。杉原は窓越しにビザを書いた。列車が動き始めたとき、もはやこれ以上、書くことができなかった。みんなが手を振っていた。その中のひとりが叫んだ。「ありがとう、杉原さん。今度、逢いに行きます!」 彼は列車を追って走ってきた。


「これを憶えてますか?」1968年の夏のある日、その出来事は予期せず起こった。一人の紳士が杉原千畝の家を突然、訪ねた。その紳士は、ボロボロになった一枚の紙を杉原に見せながら訊ねた。「これを憶えてますか?杉原さん」 その紙は、28年前に杉原がリトアニア・カウナスで発給したビザだった。「とうとう、あなたを見つけましたよ、杉原さん。私たちはいまでもあなたを忘れることができません」 この紳士の名前はゲハシュラ・二シュリ。ゲハシュラ・二シュリは駐日イスラエル大使館の補佐官であった。ゲハシュラ・二シュリは、あの駅からずっと杉原千畝を探し続けてきたのだった。あの駅とは、リトアニアのカウナスの駅のことである。






TAMAGAWABOAT oyaji011.gif
To the top

Yasukuni Shrine – 1 August 13, 2008

Posted by TAMAGAWABOAT in Blogroll, History, Nanking Massacre, WW2, Yasukuni.
Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

On August 15th, Yasukuni Shrine (Yasukuni Jinja) is in the news every year. August 15th in 1945 is the day that Japan made an unconditional surrender, which led to the end of the Pacific War .

Just a week earlier, on August 9th, 1945, an American B-29 dropped the world’s second atomic bomb on Nagasaki City after Hiroshima City.  The second atomic bomb was different type from the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima City. America had never carried out an air raid on both Hiroshima and Nagasaki before dropping atomic bombs. America planned atomic bombing with meticulous care intending to determine the effect of two different atomic bombs. Moreover, America set bombing target not at military facilities or industrial area but at densely-inhabited district where noncombatants (=civilian) lived. America dropped two different atomic bombs (plutonium type and uranium type) on about 590 thousand noncombatants’ heads(then population, Hiroshima=350 thousand  Nagasaki=240 thousand) . In Hiroshima, Over 140 thousand noncombatants were burned alive and died in great agony.  In Nagasaki, 75 thousand noncombatants were burned alive and died in great agony. Most victims were women and children and older folks who unarmed people not related to the war.

On August 10th in 1945, through the government of Switzerland, Japan protested strongly against the United States that used inhumane multicide weapons (=mass-destruction weapons) targeted at innocent civilian in defiance of international laws. It was obvious that the United States conducted experiments on human bodies intending to determine the effect of two different atomic bombs. Hiroshima and Nagasaki are what we should call unforgivable “Holocaust”.  We Japanese know well that many Americans try desperately to justify this unforgivable Holocaust far worse than Auschwitz, by framing the Japanese army up for various war crimes, including the Nanking Massacre and prisoner abuse.

GHQ (General Headquarters of the Allied Forces) took over NHK (Nippon Hoso Kyokai: NHK was the public radio organization then, and there were numerous regional private broadcast stations throughout the country.) and got NHK to start new radio program called “Shinso-Bako” (Shinso=truth, Bako=box) on December 8th in 1945. The radio program “Shinso-Bako” had been broadcast for 4 years and implanted Japanese Army’s various war crimes in the Japanese people’s mind. 

The radio program “Shinso-Bako” was projected by CIS of GHQ (CIS: Civil Information and Education Section), CIS wrote scripts and dramatized them. GHQ brainwashed the Japanese people using the radio program “Shinso-Bako” and led the Japanese people to develop dislike for “Japan in pre-World War II”. The radio program “Shinso-Bako” was groundless black propaganda which misled the Japanese people into believing that the Allied Forces was the liberation army that had liberated the Japanese people from the domination of barbaric Japanese Army.  The radio program “Shinso-Bako”  was written in the book “Free the Japanese people from a spell of Shinso-Bako” (Sakurai Yoshiko).

Many Japanese people have become to know the truth of history and have been released from GHQ’s anti-Japanese brainwashing.  Not only the Japanese people but also the world see Iraq and Afghanistan.  Has the United States found mass-destruction weapons in Iraq yet? It’s obvious that the United States used mass-destruction weapons to justify the aggressive war against Iraq. It’s obvious that  the U.S. military committed torture on innocent Afghans systematically ignoring the Geneva Convention.  The United States is doing the same things in Iraq and Afghanistan as this nation did 63 years ago.  Successive presidents of the United States have never once visited Hiroshima or Nagasaki. Successive presidents of the United States have never once put an apology for America’s Holocaust into words. (to be continued)

Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Pearl Harbor

A part of the Tokyo Tribunal of War Criminals – atomic bomb


New-Type, Cruel Bomb Ignoring International law
Imperial Govern-ment Protest to the Government of the United States.
August 10, 1945

   With regard to the attack by a new-type bomb on the city of Hiroshima by a B-29 bomber on the 6th inst. the Imperial Government filed the following protest on the 10th inst. to the Government of the United States through the Government of Switzerland, and gave instructions to the Japanese Minister to Switzerland, Kase, to make the explanation of explanation of the same effect to the Inter-national Committee of Red Cross.

Protest against the Attack of a New-Type Bomb by American Airplane

On the 6th of this month, an airplane of the United States dropped a new-type bomb on the urban district of the city of Hiroshima, and it killed and wounded a large number of the citizens and destroyed the bulk of the city. The city of Hiroshima is an crdinary local city which is not provided with any military defensive preparations or establishments, and the whole city has not a character of a military objective. In the statement on the aerial bom-bardment in this case, the United States President “Truman” asserts that they will destroy docks, factories and transport facilities. However, since the bomb in this case, dropped by a parachute, explodes in the air and extends the destructive effect to quite a wide sphere, it is clear to be quite impossible in technique to limit the effect of attack thereby to such specific objectives as mentioned above; and the above efficiency of the bomb in this case is already known to the United States. In the light of the actual state of damage, the damaged district covers a wide area, and those who were in the district were all killed indiscriminately by bomb-shell blast and radiant heat without dis-tinction of combatant or non-combatant or of age or sex. The damaged sphere is general and immense, and judging from the individual state of injury, the bomb in this case should be said to be the most cruel one that ever existed.

It is a fundamental principle of international law in time of war that a belligerent has not an unlimited right in chosing the means of injuring the enemy, and should not use such weapons, projectiles, and other material as cause unnecessary pain; and these are each expressly stipulated in the annex of the Convention respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land and artices 22 and 23(e) of the Regulations respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land. Since the beginning of the present World War, the Government of the United States has declared repeatedly that the use of poison or other inhumane methods of warfare has been regarded as illegal by the pubic opin-ion in civilized countries, and that the United States would not use these methods of warfare unless the other countries used these first. However, the bomb in this case, which the United States used this time, exceeds by far the indiscriminate and cruel character of efficiency, the poison and other weapons the use of which has been prohibited hitherto because of such an efficiency. Disregarding a fundamental principle of international law and humanity, the United States has already made indiscriminate aerial bombardments on cities of the Empire in very wide areas, and it has already killed and injured a large number of old people, children, and women and collapsed or burned down shrines, temples, schools, hospital and ordinary private houses.

Also, the United States has used the new bomb in this case which has indiscriminate and cruel character beyond comparison with all weapons and projectile of the past. This is a new offence against the civilization of mankind. The Imperial Government impeaches the Government of the United States in its own name and the name of all mankind and of civilization, and demands strongly that the Government of the United States give up the use of such an inhumane weapon instantly.

TAMAGAWABOAT oyaji011.gif
To the top

Yasukuni Shrine – 2
Yasukuni Shrine – 3 what did they die for?


%d bloggers like this: